For example, a researcher may be interested in childhood obesity. Considering the information above, the following provides examples of flawed research questions as well as questions that are well-designed: This information can be obtained without the need to collect unique data.
The question could be answered with a simple online search and does not provide an opportunity for analysis. Administrators who provide wellness programs for their employees receive higher employee ratings on selected leadership qualities than administrators who do not provide wellness programs.
Daily calorific intake What percentage of American men and women exceed their daily calorific allowance. Avoid using two different terms to refer to the same variable.
The research question should be a clear, focused question that summarizes the issue that the researcher will investigate. What issues are scholars and researchers discussing, when it comes to your topic. Handbook in research and evaluation. In the section that follows, the structure of relationship-based research questions is discussed.
Is the methodology to conduct the research feasible. The following examples illustrate this, with the group s in green text and the dependent variable in blue text: Once you have chosen your research topic or subject, you will need to decide how you will approach the research process — by formulating a hypothesis or developing a research question.
How much time do young children spend doing physical activity per day. Sample Research Questions Unclear: So the dependent variable is still daily calorific intake, but the research question aims to understand a particular component of that dependent variable i.
So we are interested in how the attitudes towards music piracy differ when pirated music is freely distributed as opposed to when pirated music in purchased. How does childhood obesity correlate with academic performance in elementary school children.
A properly written question will be clear and concise. Some of these starting phrases are highlighted in blue text in the examples below: What types of studies. What is the most significant effect of glacial melting on the lives of penguins in Antarctica.
In the examples below, we have illustrated the name of the dependent variable and highlighted how it would be written out in the blue text. What is the relationship between physical activity levels and childhood obesity.
Avoid using two different terms to refer to the same variable. Developing a good research question is one of the first critical steps in the research process. Three main types of questions: Structure of relationship-based research questions There are six steps required to construct a relationship-based research question: What is the difference in.
In the examples below, we have identified the group s in the green text. The first three examples highlight that while the name of the dependent variable is the same, namely daily calorific intake, the way that this dependent variable is written out differs in each case.
What are the effects of intervention programs in the elementary schools on the rate of childhood obesity among 3rd - 6th grade students?. Write down your question using your population and variable. Remember to write a question that is going to be simple, measurable, attainable, relevant, and limited to a particular time and place.
Avoid why questions. It explains the two main types of variables: categorical variables (i.e., nominal, dichotomous and ordinal variables) and continuous variables (i.e., interval and ratio variables).
It also explains the difference between independent and dependent variables, which you need to understand to create quantitative research questions. A research question is the fundamental core of a research project, study, or review of literature.
It focuses the study, determines the methodology, and guides all stages of inquiry, analysis, and reporting. Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. The specificity of a well-developed research question helps writers avoid the “all-about” paper and work toward supporting a specific, arguable thesis.
Formulating a quantitative research question can often be a difficult task. When composing a research question, a researcher needs to determine if they want to describe data, compare differences among groups, assess a relationship, or determine if a set of variables predict another variable.
(1) the starting phrase, (2) the name of the dependent variable, (3) the name of the independent variable, (4) the name of the group(s) you are interested in, and (5) any potential adjoining words?
you can write out the relationship-based research question in full. The example relationship-based research questions discussed above are written.Writing a research question examples variables