The most common life-threatening complications of meningitis include hydrocephalus, CNS vasculitis, cerebral ischemia, infarction, vasospasm and hemorrhage. Antiviral medicines may help some types of viral meningitis. In addition, the authors conclude that C-reactive protein and Absolute Neutrophil Counts ANC are better indicators than a peripheral white blood cell count.
Once they do, empiric therapy may be switched to specific antibiotic therapy targeted to the specific causative organism and its sensitivities to antibiotics. Viral meningitis Antibiotics can't cure viral meningitis, and most cases improve on their own in several weeks. As illustrated in several case reports, repeated obstruction of the shunt and isolation of fungus should alert one to seek alternate antifungal therapy.
There are several types of meningitis. Meningitis can get serious very quickly. Also avoid any medications that may make you less alert. Favorable signs include return to premorbid functioning, decreasing CF titers, and excellent adherence to medical care and therapy.
The findings from a post mortem are usually a widespread inflammation of the pia mater and arachnoid layers of the meninges. A sample may also be placed on a slide and stained Gram's stainthen studied under a microscope for bacteria. Fungal meningitis is treated with intravenous fungal medications.
An analysis of thirty-one cases and review of the literature. Interventions of direct interest included lumbar puncture, electroencephalography, blood studies, and neuroimaging.
Spinal tap lumbar puncture. Further research should focus on additional interventions to reduce BCC. Antibiotics developed to kill bacteria are not effective against viral meningitis.
What to expect from your doctor Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as: If needed, specific antiviral therapy may be used for treating viral meningitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumococcusNeisseria meningitidis meningococcusHaemophilus influenzae haemophilusListeria monocytogenes listeria.
Antibiotics can treat bacterial meningitis. However, most of the cases of viral meningitis are benign and self-limited and are rarely life-threatening. Infected sinuses may need to be drained.
Bed rest Plenty of fluids Over-the-counter pain medications to help reduce fever and relieve body aches Your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids to reduce swelling in the brain, and an anticonvulsant medication to control seizures.
Clin Infect Dis ; 16 2: It is characterized by fever, loss of appetite and headache. If you're not sure what you have and call your doctor for an appointment, here's how to prepare for your visit.
Conclusion: Duration of illness and cranial nerve palsies are important variables in the diagnosis of TBM stages and if TBM is suspected, empiric treatment should be started immediately without bacteriologic proof to prevent morbidity and mortality. Key words: Tuberculous meningitis.
British Medical Research Council (BMRC) stages. Although the pattern of epidemic cycles in Africa is not well understood, several factors have been associated with the development of epidemics in the meningitis belt. They include: medical conditions (immunological susceptibility of the population), demographic conditions (travel and large population displacements), socioeconomic conditions.
New research commissioned by GSK has shown that the majority of parents incorrectly think that a rash or stiff neck are the first signs of meningitis. Two UH researchers have won a five-year, $ For a definitive diagnosis of meningitis, you'll need a spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
In people with meningitis, the CSF often shows a low sugar (glucose) level along with an increased white blood cell count and increased protein.
CSF analysis may also help your doctor identify which bacterium caused the meningitis.
A page about Coccidioidal Meningitis. The most deleterious extrapulmonary dissemination is the spread of Coccidioides spp. to the central nervous system (CNS) causing meningitis. A lumbar puncture with analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) should be done in any patient with suspected or previously diagnosed coccidioidomycosis presenting with a headache, blurry vision, photophobia, meningismus.
- Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes (meninges’) surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis has several causes including bacteria, chemical irritation, drug allergies and most commonly viruses.
Most cases of meningitis in the United States are caused by a viral infection not by bacteria.An analysis of the meningitis illness in medical research